Lucy Leeche (1834–1834)

LUCY LEECHE was the child of a free migrant woman named MARY LEECHE who came to the colony per the migrant ship David Scott (1834), which was sent out by the Emigration Committee of London. LUCY died at the Parramatta Female Factory at the age of two days old, just a few days before MARY also succumbed. Both LUCY and her mother now lie in unmarked graves in the parish of St. John’s, Parramatta, the exact location of their graves is unknown.


  • Pregnant mother MARY LEECHE sailed for the colony per migrant ship David Scott: 10 July 1834, London, England
  • Mother MARY LEECHE arrived per David Scott: 25 October 1834, Port Jackson, New South Wales
  • Mother MARY LEECHE lands: 30 October 1834, Sydney, New South Wales
  • LUCY born: c. 28 November 1834, lying-in hospital, Parramatta Female Factory
  • LUCY died: c. 30 November 1834, Parramatta Female Factory
  • LUCY buried: 30 November 1834, St. John’s Parish, Parramatta


Related Content

Related Content

‘The Indifferent Characters of Many of the Females: Mary Leeche and Colonial Controversy in the 1830s (2021)

By Alexander Cameron-Smith

Abstract: Lucy Leeche was laid to rest on 30 November 1834. She had been just two days old when she died at the Parramatta Female Factory Hospital. Her mother, twenty-year-old Mary Leeche, died a couple of days later, also at the Hospital, and was buried on the third of December. Mary had arrived in the colony in late October 1834 aboard the “David Scott,” one of several chartered vessels that brought single women to Australia as free immigrants between 1832 and 1836. In a time when New South Wales free society was highly sensitive to issues of status and respectability, the scheme aimed to ease moral anxiety about the gender imbalance in the colonies and supply domestic labour for pastoral expansion. It instead provoked outrage in both colonial and English newspapers, which accused the London-based organisers of either deceiving innocent women with misleading impressions of the colonies or dumping prostitutes on the streets of Cadi (Sydney) and Parramatta in Burramattagal Country. The women brought to New South Wales, whose own voices are rarely found in the historical sources, were thus portrayed in the abstract, as either paragons of virtue, poor victims of temptation, or already wicked and beyond redemption. At the same time, many blamed the “David Scott” for introducing a highly contagious disease, which erupted into an epidemic across New South Wales. Read more>>




# Child

# Came Free

# Immigrant

# Ship: David Scott (1834)

# Parramatta Female Factory

# Death Place: Parramatta Female Factory

# Burial Year: 1834

# Grave: unmarked