Mary Rowe (d. 1811)

MARY ROWE was a convict who was tried and convicted at the Old Bailey and arrived with the Third Fleet per Mary Ann (1791) as “MARY HAWKINS.” She married JOHN ROWE and started a family. MARY survived a fatal episode of frontier violence that took the lives of her husband and child on the Hawkesbury, only to be brutally murdered at Parramatta in 1811. Those who were found guilty of her murder were publicly executed for the crime.


  • Alternate: MARY HAWKINS
  • Alternate: ANN HAWKINS
  • Alternate: MARY ANN HAWKINS
  • Married name: MARY ROWE


  • Wife of JOHN ROWE
  • Mother of baby ROWE [gender and name unknown]

Trial Records

  • Old Bailey Proceedings Online (, version 8.0), 8 December 1790, trial of MARY otherwise ANN HAWKINS (t17901208-31).
  • Related Content


    By Catie Gilchrist

    Abstract: When Mary allegedly stole some silver tablespoons, a tablecloth, and a tinder box from her masters in London in 1790, she would not have been able to imagine the horrors of the colonial frontier into which she was subsequently cast. The real theft of fertile lands, ancient trees, native animals and richly abundant waterways on the Hawkesbury by 1795 put Mary, her husband (the expired First Fleet convict William Rowe), and their infant right in the middle of ‘an open war.’ For if theft was a crime punishable by transportation from Britain, for the Dharug and Darkinjung Peoples of the Hawkesbury region, it was similarly an affront to be actively resisted and paid back. Read more>>


    # Third Fleet

    # Convict

    # English

    # Punishment: Seven Years Transportation

    # Trial Place: Old Bailey

    # Ship: Mary Ann (1791)

    # Murder Victim

    # Burial Year: 1811

    # Grave: unmarked