Thomas Chipp (c.1762–1842)

THOMAS CHIPP is one of St John’s First Fleeters. He came to the Colony of New South Wales as a marine on the First Fleet ship Friendship (1788). CHIPP died at Concord on 3 July 1842, age recorded as 93, and was buried the next day, 4 July 1842, in the parish of St. John’s, Parramatta.

Timeline

  • Born: West Lavington, Devizes, Wiltshire, c.1762.
  • Enlisted Royal Marine Corps: 1775
  • Private Marine 88th Company served on Warwick: 1780–1783
  • Private Marine served on Plymouth guardship Standard: 1785
  • Private Marine, 42nd Company served on Friendship: 1787–1788
  • Sailed with the First Fleet per Friendship: 13 May 1787
  • Served at Port Jackson in the detachment of WATKIN TENCH: 1788–1791
  • Sailed for Norfolk Island per Atlantic to be a settler: 26 October 1791
  • Settled on 60 acres of land at Cascade Stream, Phillipsburg, Norfolk Island: 28 November 1791
  • Married JANE LANGLEY, convict per Lady Penrhyn (1788): 5 November 1791, Norfolk Island.
  • Returned to Sydney per Daedalus: November 1794
  • Enlisted in 102nd Regiment of Foot, New South Wales Corps: 27 November 1794
  • Received a share with seven others in 200 acres at Mulgrave Place: 5 September 1795.
  • Granted 600 acres with fellow First Fleeter JOHN HAYES: 13 March 1800. Sold it to Major JOSEPH FOVEAUX before it was registered.
  • Discharged from 102nd Regiment of Foot, New South Wales Corps: 26 December 1802
  • Received 100 acre grant at Bankstown: 4 June 1804.
  • Granted 100 acres at Upper Minto: 1 January 1810.
  • Occupation: constable in Sydney district, 1814.
  • Occupation: baker in Sydney district, 1822.
  • Occupation: labourer, Pitt St, Sydney, 1828 (c.f. 1828 Census).
  • Wife, JANE, died: 18 February 1836
  • Died: 3 July 1842, Concord, New South Wales, Australia
  • Buried: 4 July 1842, parish of St. John’s, Parramatta

Burial Location

  • Unmarked grave, location unknown, parish of St. John’s, Parramatta.

Relationships

  • Spouse of JANE LANGLEY convict per Lady Penrhyn (1788)
  • Parent of ROBERT THOMAS CHIPP (November 1792–November 1792)
  • Parent of ANN CHIPP (November 1793–1854
  • Parent of MARY CHIPP (1795–1838)
  • Parent of WILLIAM CHIPP (1797–1814)
  • Parent of SARAH CHIPP (1800–1861)
  • Parent of SOPHIA CHIPP (1803–1850)
  • Parent of ELIZA CHIPP (1805–1883)
  • Step-parent of HENRIETTA LANGLEY (1787–1828), First Fleeter born on board Lady Penrhyn.

Occupations

  • Baker
  • Marine
  • Settler
  • Farmer
  • Labourer
  • Police Constable

Positions

  • Private Marine, Royal Marine Corps (enlisted 1775)
  • Private Marine, 88th Company, Royal Marine Corps, Warwick, (1780–1783)
  • Private Marine, Plymouth guardship Standard, (1785)
  • Private Marine, 42nd (Plymouth) Company, New South Wales Marine Corps, Friendship, (1786–1791)
  • Private Marine, 102nd Regiment of Foot, New South Wales Corps, (27 November 1794–26 December 1802)

Related Content

Thomas Chipp: The Marine (2020)

By David Morgan

Abstract: Wiltshire-born Thomas Chipp was a Private of twelve years’ service in the Royal Marines when he arrived in New South Wales with the First Fleet on the transport Friendship. When the Marine detachment returned to England he stayed on as a farmer, settling on Norfolk Island for three years before coming back to Cadi (Sydney). He combined settlement with further military service, enlisting in the New South Wales Corps for eight years, again not rising above the rank of Private. With his convict wife Jane Langley he had seven children, and variously worked as a farmer, constable, baker and labourer. ‘Worn out in the service,’ he ended his days in New South Wales as an ‘Out Pensioner’ of Chelsea Royal Hospital. Read more>>

Sources

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

  • “CHIPP, Thomas (c1762–1842),” in Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet, (Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1989), pp. 69–70.
  • “LANGLEY, Jane (c1764?–1836),” in Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet, (Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1989), pp. 212–13.
  • The Digital Panopticon (https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/, version 1.1), Jane Langley Life Archive (ID: obpt17850914-96-defend1007), https://www.digitalpanopticon.org/life?id=obpt17850914-96-defend1007, accessed 6 January 2019.
  • Ron Withington, Dispatched Downunder: Tracing the Resting Places of the First Fleeters, (Woolloomooloo, The Fellowship of First Fleeters, 2013), p. 440.

Lists

# First Fleet

# Came Free

# Marine

# Ship: Friendship (1788)

# Burial year: 1842

# Grave: unmarked